Orchid Care
Your success with your orchid is important to us, so we include a care sheet with your orchid
purchase.  If you didn't get one or misplaced it, they are available here.  We offer introductory orchid
classes please call for details or check our "events" page on Facebook
PHALAENOPSIS CULTURE
Temperature: Phalaenopsis enjoy a fairly warm climate. The ideal night temperature being 62 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit
and daytime temperature 75 degrees Fahrenheit and over. Since this temperature range is similar to that of many homes,
it makes an ideal house plant.
Light & Shade: Light requirements for Phalaenopsis are fairly easy to attain, (1000 to 1500 foot candles), seems to be the
ideal intensity. If grown on a window sill, north exposure proves to be best, otherwise, diffused east or west light, no direct
sun.
Watering: It is important to water your Phalaenopsis early in the morning. This insures complete water evaporation on the
foliage, as well as the crown, by nightfall. Do not allow the root system to be dry at any time. Water the plant as it
approaches dryness. Under most growing conditions watering is done at 5-10 day intervals depending on the conditions
in your home, air circulation and the media they are potted in.  If in doubt hold off a day on watering and mist instead.
Feeding: Phalaenopsis are known for their fast and continual growth. For this reason, it is important that they are fed on a
regular basis. We recommend and use DynaGro urea-free  fertilizer every watering. "Weekly weakly gets the best results.  
Always water first and then fertilize. (you waste less fertilizer and the plant absorbs more nutrients) During fall and winter
months, fertilizing may be reduced to every second or third watering using a 'bloom formula" if growth is mature.  It is not
necessary to feed a blooming orchid generally.
Humidity: Phalaenopsis are a monopodial growth without any pseudo-bulbs to help store moisture. For this reason, it is
important to provide good humidity, 50-70% is considered ideal. However, if the plant is kept well watered, it will adapt to
a lower humidity. Mist the leaves not the flowers.
Flowering: If your Phalaenopsis is of substantial size (5-8” pot size), it is possible to flower it  2 – 3 times a year. After it has
flowered the first time, cut the stem back just above the bottom node. If you want to see if the orchid will form additional
buds cut back just below the first flowering node.From this node a new flower spike may emerge. We do not recommend
"forcing" your orchid to continually bloom this way as it effects the health of your plant and it needs to rest after the
bloom cycle.
Potting: Because the Phalaenopsis is watered frequently, the potting material is usually ready for replacement once
every year. Spring is generally considered the best time for transplanting. Use a high quality bark for phals or sphagnum
moss.
CATTLEYA CULTURE
Temperature: The ideal temperature for Cattleya Orchids is 80 degrees Fahrenheit on bright days, 70 degrees on overcast
days, and 60 degrees at night.
Light & Shade: Proper light is an important factor in growing Cattleyas. To attain good growth and flower production,
Cattleyas should receive 2000-3000 foot candles. When Cattleyas receive the correct amount of light, the leaves will
display a light green color. If the plants are grown at your window (especially south exposure) they may need protection
from direct sunrays through the months of March to August. It is important that a Cattleya receives no additional light past
normal day length.
Watering: Basically Cattleyas should be watered as they approach dryness. This may vary from 5-6 days during sunny
warm weather to 7-10 days during dark and humid weather. It is important to thoroughly drench the plant when watering.
DO NOT at anytime let the plant stand in water. The Cattleya generally puts on most of its growth during the spring &
summer months. At this time, watering should be increased. During winter months only enough water should be given to
the pseudobulbs filled.
Feeding: Since most Cattleyas are grown in fir bark mixtures, fertilizing is a must. We recommend a high nitrogen fertilizer
(3-1-1 ratio) for best results. W w use urea free DynaGro products. During the growth period a full strength solution can be
used every other watering or half strength at every watering. During Winter months when the plant is not in active growth,
fertilizing should be curtailed to once a month. Humidity: 65% to 85% humidity is ideal for the Cattleya. However, a
Cattleya in nature has dry periods, therefore they can be grown where humidity is lower. Potting: We recommend
re-potting mature Cattleyas once every two years. The best time is in the Spring when roots and growth develop.
Outdoor Growing: When Cattleyas are grown in the home under artificial lights or by a window sill, it may be a good idea
if they are summered outdoors. Care must be taken to protect the plants from direct sun during midday hours. A loosely
leaved tree usually provides the correct amount of light. In the Midwest area, Cattleyas usually can be kept outdoors until
Mid-September.
ONCIDIUM CULTURE
Temperature: Oncidiums do best in an intermediate to warm growing condition. A 62 to 64 degree Fahrenheit night
temperature and a 68-80 degree Fahrenheit temperature is considered best. Oncidiums will grow well in a normal home
condition.
Light & Shade: Although Oncidiums are somewhat variable in their light requirements, most should do well with 2000-
3000 foot candles of light. If grown in the home, an east exposure should give the best results. Oncidiums also do well
under artificial lights. Plants should be kept about 6 – 8 inches from the lamps.
Watering: During the Spring & Summer months, Oncidiums should be watered frequently. We generally recommend
watering twice a week during this period but this may vary with different growing conditions. Do not let the plant become
totally dry between watering. During the Fall and Winter months when there is less growth, curtail your watering
accordingly.
Feeding: We recommend a half strength solution of  DYNAgro urea free fertilizer with each watering during the growing
season (Spring & Summer). For Fall & Winter, this can be reduced to once every second or third watering.
Humidity: Oncidiums grow best with 50-80% humidity. However, most varieties will tolerate a much lower humidity.
Potting: If your Oncidium is potted in one of the bark mixes, we generally recommend re-potting once a year. If the
potting material is still firm and the plant is not overgrown after one year, you may hold off re-potting for an additional
year. The best time to re-pot is when new growth appears, usually right after blooming.
MILTONIOPSIS CULTURE
Temperature: Miltoniopsis should do well in the average home or intermediate greenhouse. A night temperature of 60-
65 degrees Fahrenheit and a day temperature of 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit is considered best. They, of course, will
tolerate higher or lower temperatures but not for extended periods of time.
Light & Shade: We have found that Miltoniopsis requires a rather low amount of light. (1500-2000 foot candles). If grown
in the home, we recommend an east or west exposure, or south with shielding from the direct sun.
Watering: Miltoniopsis like to be kept fairly moist with a slight drying between waterings. During warm dry weather, they
may need to be watered 2-3 times weekly. During cool weather, 1-2 times weekly. A sure sign of underwatering would be
the formation of accordion – pleated leaves. If this happens, pick up slightly on your watering. Miltoniopsis have very
tender and fragile roots; for this reason, we recommend using rain water whenever possible.
Feeding: Since Miltoniopsis are vigorous growers, fertilizer can be applied almost every watering during the Spring &
Summer months. This should be reduced to once weekly during Fall and Winter. We recommend a half strength solution
of  DynaGro urea free fertilizer with a heavier nitrogen content. (weekly "weakly").
Humidity: If you keep your Miltoniopsis well watered, humidity is not a critical factor. However, try to keep humidity
above 50%.
Potting: We find Miltoniopsis do well in a finer grade of Fir Bark mix. It is, however, important that the pot is well drained.
Miltoniopsis like to be somewhat pot bound so allow for only one years growth. Re-pot once a year in the Spring.
PAPHIOPEDILUM CULTURE
Temperature: Paphiopedilums, in general, should be kept in a 55-80 degree Fahrenheit temperature range. It is not
necessary to segregate the plain and mottled leaf varieties into cool and warm areas. It is, however, important for some
Paphiopedilums to have a day-night temperature differential to help initiate bud spikes.
Light: Paphiopedilums are known to adapt readily to different light intensities. Although they will grow with a low light
intensity (900 to 1500 foot candles), a stronger will produce much better growth and flower production.
Watering: Watering should be frequent as Paphiopedilums are considered moisture loving plants. Paphiopedilums
should not dry out between waterings. A urea free fertilizer formulation is considered best and we recommend  a
DynaGro higher nitrogen variety .Paphiopedilums are particularly susceptible to fertilizer burn so it is important that they
are watered thoroughly before fertilization and fertilizer strength is carefully controlled.
Humidity: Although humidity is not considered an important factor in good Paphiopedilum growth, a reasonable
amount (40% or more) should be attained. Good air movement should be provided. However, they should not be
exposed to hot or cold drafts.
Potting: We recommend re-potting Paphiopedilums once a year. It is usually best to re-pot in the Spring when new
growths are developing. If you decide to divide the plant during re-potting, make sure each division has at least two
strong growths.
ODONTOGLOSSUM CULTURE
Temperature: The ideal temperature of Odontoglossums is 50 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 65 degrees Fahrenheit
during the day. It should be understood though, that they can tolerate lower or higher temperatures and still
successfully grow and bloom.
Light & Shade: Odontoglossums require a rather low amount of light (1000-1500 foot candles) for good growth. If
greenhouse grown, light shading should be applied during Fall and Winter months; a heavier application during
Spring & Summer. If grown in the home, an unobstructed north or filtered east exposure is considered best.
Humidity – Watering: Humidity and moisture are two important factors in Odontoglossum culture. Humidity of 60-80%
is considered ideal. When the days become warmer during Spring & Summer, misting once or twice daily is
beneficial. This helps keep the humidity up and the leaf temperature down. If greenhouse grown, evaporative cooling
is highly recommended. Odontoglossums should never experience complete dryness at the roots. When watering,
soak them thoroughly. This may need to be done 2-3 times weekly during warm weather, 1-2 times weekly during cool
weather.
Air Movement: A gentle movement of air is essential to Odontoglossums. When warm weather arrives in the Spring,
give as much ventilation as possible. As mentioned earlier, any form of evaporative cooling is very beneficial at this
time.
Feeding: Since Odontoglossums do not have a dormant season, a very light but steady diet of fertilizer is
recommended. A  DynaGro urea free nitrogen formulation at half strength or less works best.
Potting: Odontoglossums can be re-potted at anytime of year, but it usually is best in the spring when new roots
develop. Plants should be somewhat underpotted (small pots) for good growth. Re-potting should be done once a
year. Fir Bark mixes have proved excellent for Odontoglossums.
DENDROBIUM CULTURE
Temperature: Most Dendrobiums do well in an intermediate temperature zone. Day temperatures should be in the
70-90 degree range. Night temperatures should be in the 55-62 degree range. Nobile type Dendrobiums require a
cool dry period during the Winter months and a tleast a 30 day period of night temps at 50F.
Light & Shade: We recommend a fairly high light intensity for Dendrobiums. Generally, Cattleya light (2,000 to
3000 foot candles) is most suitable. If Dendrobiums are grown in the home, a brightly lighted south or east exposure
is best.
Watering: Evergreen type Dendrobiums require heavy watering in the growing season (Spring & Summer). As the
new growth matures by fall, watering should be somewhat curtailed but not so much as to let the canes shrivel back.
Deciduous Dendrobiums also require abundant watering during the growing season, but as the foliage drops, they
require a definite rest period.
Feeding : Dendrobiums as a whole require heavy feeding during their growth period. But as with watering, feeding
should be curtailed during the fall and winter months. Always use a urea free fertilizer and we recommend and use
DynaGro products.
Potting: Re-potting at the proper time is most important for Dendrobiums. Spring is the best time to re-pot. Make sure
the new growth (with root action) has started before transplanting. Dendrobiums like to be somewhat root bound.
Allow a very limited space for the new growth. Use a coarse Fir Bark mixture that allows for perfect drainage.
CYMBIDIUM CULTURE
Temperature: Daytime temperature should ideally be kept between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Night
temperatures should be 55 to 60 degrees. Higher night temperatures during the summer can be tolerated. However,
during late Summer and early Fall night temperatures should drop to the 55 degree range in order to initiate bud
spikes.
Light & Shade: Cymbidiums require a high degree of light (up to 8000 foot candles) especially during the Spring
and Summer months. However, because of the higher temperatures during this period , some shading may be
needed to keep leaf temperatures down. Usually no shading is required through the Fall and Winter months.
Watering: Because the Cymbidium is a terrestrial plant and has a rapid growth rate it should be watered frequently.
This is especially true during the growing season (for most Cymbidiums, Spring & Summer). In the Winter, with less
sun and shorter days, watering should be somewhat reduced.
Feeding: We recommend a dilute solution of higher nitrogen DynaGro urea free fertilizer from January to May with
every watering. At this point, in May switch to a high phosphorous feeding. Fertilize every second or third watering
using clear water in-between. Continue this schedule until fall when spikes develop, then gradually return to a high
nitrogen feeding program.
Air Movement: Good air movement is important to Cymbidiums, especially while in active growth. It is also helpful
in preventing flower spotting.
Outdoor Growing: If the cymbidiums are grown in the home (window sill or under lights) it is important to summer
them outdoors. Care must be taken to protect the plants from direct sun during the midday hours. A loosely leaved
tree usually provides the correct amount of light. For best results, partially submerge the pot in a bed of soil. This will
keep the root system cool during the hot summer days. Keep the plants outdoors until late Summer. Cooler evenings
during this period should help initiate bud spikes.
                                      Orchid Care
All plants deserve the best quality water which is not necessarily municipal tap water.  Water
containing flouride, boron and high salts and solids are harmful to tropical plants including orchids.  
We recommend diluting tap water with RO drinking water, clean rainwater or distilled water  Providing
additional humidity is very beneficial so we encourage misting and the use of cool mist humidifiers..
VANDA CULTURE
Temperature: Vandas are basically warm growers. Daytime temperatures should range from 65 to 95 degrees
Fahrenheit, nighttime 60-65 degrees Fahrenheit. It is important to provide good humidity especially on warm sunny
days.
Light & Shade: It is important to give Vandas a high degree of light. Terete leaf Vandas can adapt to full sun while
strap leaf Vandas do better with some protection during the midday hours. We do not recommend Vandas for
artificial light culture as there is not enough light intensity for successful blooming. If Vandas are grown in the
home, a bright south exposure is best.
Watering: During the Spring and Summer months when Vandas are kept outdoors in bright warm areas, frequent
watering is needed. Vandas should not be kept dry or moist over an extended period of time. Misting on warm
sunny days is very beneficial.
Feeding: Vandas require a rather constant feeding during the Spring and Summer months. We recommend a
balanced fertilizer such as DynaGro orchid for best results. When feeding with every watering, a half-strength or less
solution is best. Use urea free fertilizers on all your orchids including vanda.  Spraying or foliar feeding is extremely
beneficial.
Potting: A coarse grade of potting material is best suited for mature Vandas. Chunks of coarse charcoal will do
well. For younger plants use our multi-purpose potting mix in clay pots. Redwood baskets or slotted clay pots are
ideal containers for mature Vandas. As Vandas become larger, they tend to get somewhat leggy. As the roots
develop on the upper portion of the plant, you may remove the upper half and re-pot it as a separate plant. After
this is done, the lower portion generally develops offshoots. When these offshoots develop roots, they too may be
removed and re-potted on their own.
Outdoor Growing: If Vandas are grown in the home, it is highly recommended to summer them outdoors. Vandas
should be hung up outside where they receive nearly full sunlight.
Phalaenopsis Orchid
Cattleya Orchid
Oncidium orchid
Paphiopedilum Orchid
Miltoniopsis
Odontoglossum Orchid
Vanda Orchid
Cymbidium Orchid
Dendrobium orchid
We carry a variety of orchid mediums for repotting including custom bark mixes, Dyna-roc, Orchiata and
supplements for growing orchids and tropicals.